Economy

With the increasingly complexity of global supply chains it has become almost impossible for consumers to find out whether a product is sustainable or not. Wolfgang Strasdas reports findings of research on tourism certification systems in Germany, conducted by Eberswalde University. 34 systems were...
Under the title “Entwicklungsfaktor Tourismus“ (“Development Factor Tourism“), the Federal Association of the German Tourism Industry (BTW) has presented a comprehensive statistical analysis of the money spent by German tourists in developing countries and emerging economies. The study shows how...
The new ”Human Development Report 2015“, published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), describes the positive development effects of work, but also shows that they depend on certain conditions. This also applies to the tourism sector. While work generates income, secures livelihoods...
Respecting human rights along the entire supply chain is a major challenge for tourism enterprises. With outsourcing becoming more and more common, companies need to make increased efforts to identify and prevent exploitative working conditions, human trafficking and forced labour. Especially the...
In early November 2015, hotel housekeeping staff in many parts of the world drew attention to their work and unacceptable working conditions. The “Global Week of Action“ was part of the international trade union campaign „For a safe and secure work place“, organised by the International Union of...
Hard work, withheld passports and twelve hour working days without breaks or overtime pay – this is the reality for migrants working at hotels in Dubai, according to a report by the Swedish organisations Swedwatch and Fair Action. The findings, derived from interviews in three selected hotels and...
With high emissions, enormous growth rates and a lack of binding reduction targets, the bunkers threaten to undermine global efforts to mitigate climate change, writes Annegret Zimmermann. It is therefore more urgent than ever to address aviation and shipping at the highest level of climate...
Aerotropolis projects are among the largest megaprojects pursued by governments and corporations. These airport centric developments destroy farmland and forests, and act as economic enclaves, fostering corporate growth and excluding host communities. All over the world, developments called an ‘...
By Christina Kamp When tourists pay to "offset" their emissions from air travel, an equal amount of emissions needs to be reduced elsewhere. These reductions must be real and additional. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows countries like Germany to meet part of their reduction commitments...
Forest protection is not suitable for market-based CO2 offsetting, says biologist and forest activist Jutta Kill. She explains the dangers forests are facing over time, which may turn them from carbon sinks into sources of carbon emissions. Such dangers include forest fires and natural decay after...
By Christina Kamp In many parts of the world, forests are cut down and degraded. Climate change increases the urgency of effective forest conservation. Sustainable solutions for forest protection are hard to find – and need to suit local conditions. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) may be a...
Volunteer tourism is a rapidly growing sector of the tourism industry. Over the last 20 years, we have seen the merging of volunteer travel, which has often been facilitated by NGOs, and the commercial tourism industry, with the view that the two are mutually beneficial. While this has created many...
Country flags draped over cars, country flags on car side mirrors, makarapas (highly decorated hard hats), and vuvuzelas (long plastic trumpet-like instruments that either provide the unique background noise to South African sport or, for some non-South Africans, create an unbearable roar), were...
Narrated by Juraci Sampaio My name is Juraci Sampaio and I have a story to tell: I’m fifty-three years old, born in Guaraçaí, São Paulo state. My parents were country people. They had a small farm and were able to provide a good educational structure for us. My mom was involved with politics and...
Many economic sectors have developed standards for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), e.g. the "Better Cotton Initiative", the "Floriculture Sustainability Initiative, "Responsible Care" in the chemical industry, or "Bettercoal". Instead of a CSR standard, the tourism industry has more than...
Without proper legislation in place, touristification of Myanmar has already begun. The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism declared tourism the country’s ‘national priority sector’ in its Responsible Tourism Policy (RTP) in September. In the same month, the Ministry had signed Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar...
More than 1.5 billion people worldwide don't have access to modern forms of energy supply. Since energy is of crucial importance for economic and social development, including tourism, the United Nations declared 2012 the "International Year of Sustainable Energy for All". On this year's World...
All-inclusive is a clever way of selling an easy and low-priced holiday to the tourist. At the same time, it offers high returns to the tour operator. On behalf of EED TourismWatch, Adina Pannicke studied the impacts of all-inclusive tourism. Many of the products offered in destinations such as...
As from the mid-80s, the boom in the global hotel industry has occurred in parallel with an unprecedented expansion of financial capitalism. The point of connection, or synergy, between the two has been the creation of a huge tourism offer in the form of business clusters which have added a wide...
The destination became the main competitive unit in the tourism sector, and is defined as as a tourist product and then as a specific supply involving a set of resources, activities and actors of a territory. Further, sustainable destination management is defined as the joint management of a...
Violence is still common in Timor-Leste (East Timor), years after independence from the Indonesian oppressors in 2002. It also affects small tourism businesses, as Christian Wollnik reports. The country has coral reefs with a high biodiversity. The National Directorate of Tourism focuses on water...
The Egyptian revolution came out of the blue, at a time when tour operators were in the process of booking flights and hotel beds. In view of instability and perceived threats, they shifted to other destinations, leaving the tourism industry, including small entrepreneurs and many people in the...
Die Projektstelle zur Berufsschularbeit beim EPIZ Berlin hat eine neue Broschüre für die Ausbildung von Tourismuskaufleuten herausgegeben. Das Arbeitsheft "Schöne Ferien" ergänzt die Broschüre G+ Berufe global. Inhalt der kompetenzorientierten Broschüre ist die Auseinandersetzung mit nachhaltigem...
By Christina Kamp Tourism in Central America has fast become an important economic factor and has contributed to a significant structural change. We asked Ernest Cañada to highlight the social conflicts emerging from this new setting, as well as civil society responses. Ernest Cañada is...
In academic research, the impact of tourism on poverty alleviation has been analysed mainly from a macro-economic point of view. However, in terms of its contribution to human development, tourism does not only have positive impacts. Antje Monshausen summarizes the outcomes of a study conducted...
By Rina M. Alluri The tourism industry is extremely susceptible to violent conflicts. However, the tourism sector's corporate engagement in peace promotion remains mostly indirect. The results of a study carried out jointly by Swisspeace and the Cologne Business School* show that tourism has an...
Tourism to the Sahara desert has become increasingly difficult to sell. As Ulrich Delius reports, the fear of kidnappings by "Al Qaeda Maghreb" (AQMI) terrorists and criminal gangs has lead to serious losses in the local tourism business. This has affected the Tuareg in Mali and Niger in...
"Fun Ships" are not fun for everyone, as Ulrich Delius shows in his article on the dark side of the cruise boom. The conditions under which the employees on a cruise ship have to work resemble the "sweatshops" of Asia. Long working hours, unpaid overtime, poor pay, mobbing - and the poorer the...
Volunteer tourism is getting increasingly popular, even though as a tourism segment it has not played a major role yet. As part of her research, Nikola Schiekel has collected views on ‘voluntourism' from Germany and South Africa. Heinz Fuchs, EED-Tourism Watch regards volunteer tourism as a "work...
On Friday, 13th of March EED-Tourism Watch realized a presentation on Corporate Social Responsiblity in Practise under the title: "Sun, Sand and Sustainable Tourism". Jennifer Seif (Fair Trade in Tourism South Africa) and Rosemary Viswanath (Equations, India) presented together with ECPAT...
The uncovering of an illegal organ racket in a suburb of New Delhi earlier this year brought one of the dark sides of medical tourism to light. As Nikhila M. Vijay from India reports, the most lucrative clients of this racket were foreigners. The kingpin of the racket, Amit Kumar, and his...
In Bolivia, the government is planning to support 2,000 community based tourism projects, despite the fact that in the past, due to limited market access, only a few projects have been successful. As Antje Monshausen reports, the context in which these projects operate also needs to be taken into...
Tourism in Botswana, particularly in the Okavango Delta, is largely dependent upon wildlife. This leads to a consumption pattern that limits the meaningful participation of local communities in tourism, says Susan Keitumetse (Okavango Research Centre, University of Botswana). In her article, she...
Mainstream tourism has long been criticised for excluding local, indigenous people. While community-based tourism helps those marginalized by the mainstream tourism industry, it tends to benefit the more privileged, says Jane Carnaffan. She examines what lessons can be learnt from community-based...
Selected findings from an exclusive single question survey on Fairtrade Travel Offerings. As part of Reiseanalyse 2007 (RA 07)by EED TOURISM WATCH + F.U.R.
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